Present form of verb is used. Verb+ s/es if the subject is singular noun or third person singular pronoun
• You speak English.
• She speaks French.
• Does she speak English?
• She doesn’t speak English.
• Do you speak French?
• You don’t speak French.
USE 1 Repeated Actions
We use the Simple Present to
• express the idea that an action is repeated or usual or something that often happens
• a habit, a hobby, a daily event,
• a scheduled event.
• It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
• I play football.
• Aliya does not play tennis.
• Does Jim play cricket?
• The bus leaves every morning at 8 AM.
• The train does not leave at 9 AM.
• When does the train usually arrive?
• She always forgets her phone.
• He never forgets his wallet.
• The sun rises in the east.
• Does the moon circle the Earth?
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
• Cats like milk.
• Birds do not like milk.
• Do pigs like milk?
• California is in America.
• California is not in the United Kingdom.
• Windows are made of glass.
• Windows are not made of wood.
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.
• The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
• The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
• When do we board the plane?
• The party starts at 8 o’clock.
• When does class begin tomorrow?
USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)
Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.
• I am here now.
• She is not here now.
• He needs help right now.
• He does not need help now.
• He has his passport in his hand.
• Do you have your passport with you?
Simple Present Tense